The gastrointestinal soft diet is usually prescribed to patients who are suffering from a gastrointestinal disorder and need their intestines to heal, those who will undergo a medical procedure or surgery, those who are recovering from a chronic illness or surgery and need to transition from liquids to a regular diet, or people that have difficulty in chewing or swallowing due to dental problems or other conditions.
This diet eliminates foods that are hard to chew and swallow such as raw vegetables, fruits with tough skin or edible seeds, and tough meats. High-fiber foods and gas-forming vegetables like cauliflower are restricted. The foods need to be soft in texture and easy to digest, you can cook or smash them in order to soften their texture and canned fruits or vegetables are preferred over the raw versions. This diet prevents your bowel from working too hard to digest food. If you or a loved one are about to start this diet and you are curious about what to eat, keep reading.
What Can I Eat of a GI Soft Diet?
It is important to know that some patients may suffer from individual food intolerances so they would have to avoid some foods even if the food is recommended for the diet. These are the basic guidelines on what you can eat on a GI soft diet.
This food group has no restriction except from the carbonated beverages because they can cause bloating, you can drink smoothies, cereal beverages, coffee, tea, etc as long as it doesn’t have nuts or seeds.
You can eat anything from this food group such as smooth yogurt, cheese (especially the ones with a soft texture like cottage cheese, all types of regular milk if you don’t suffer from an intolerance, and vegetable milk (almond milk, coconut milk, soy milk). Avoid eating yogurt with nuts, seeds, and pieces of raw fruit.
You can drink all fruit juices and canned fruit such as cherries, apricots, and peaches. Avocado, banana, grapefruit, and applesauce are also ok. Avoid all the other raw fruits, dried fruits, and coconut.
Prefer soft-cooked or canned vegetables, fresh lettuce, spinach, cooked asparagus, tomato juice or raw tomato, and mashed or baked potatoes. Avoid the rest raw vegetables, especially the gas-forming ones (cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage) and peas as well as legumes.
Grains and Cereals
Go for grains that have less than 2 grams of fiber per serving such as ready-to-eat cereal, white bread, white rice, and white pasta, Avoid whole-grain bread and cereals that come with coconut, raisins, nuts or seeds, whole-grain pasta, and brown rice.
Go for moist and tender meats, fish, and poultry (lamb, chicken, turkey, tender beef) and eggs. Avoid fried chicken, fish, or meat as well as fried eggs because it makes them hard to digest.
You can eat honey, jelly, mustard, ice cream, puddings, mayonnaise, mustard, soy sauce, butter, cream cheese, salt, cinnamon, paprika, and flavoring extracts.
The GI soft diet is good for your digestive system and you can eat a wide range of foods.